Roman writers such as Pliny referred to it as phaseolus. et al. ... and raffinose synthase) actively participate in the reorganization of cowpea molecular physiology under the applied stress. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) We also found that selling COWPEA 1. The tender green leaves are an important food source in Africa and are prepared as a pot herb, like spinach. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. M.Shravan RAM /16-03. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a vegetable crop. Cowpeas have high amounts of dietary fibre, which can cleanse your stomach and free it from the unnecessary bulk. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. Beyond Africa Cowpea is an important crop in some tropical American countries, especially in northeastern Brazil. Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient for plants and for humans, and it is a constituent of a number of important macromolecules, including those involved in respiration, photosynthesis, DNA synthesis, and metabolism (Briat, 2011). Cowpea is one of the most important and widely cultivated legumes in the world particularly in Africa (Verdcourt 1970). … Walp.) : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. It is suitable for sub-Saharan Africa due to its ability to grow in adverse climatic conditions where other legumes cannot flourish well. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. Young leaves, green pods, and green seeds are used as vegetables, and dry seeds are used in various food preparations . A number of the plant parts could be important, i.e. Immature snapped pods are used in the same way as snapbeans, often being mixed with other foods. Despite the importance of cowpea (Vigna unguculata L. What is considered essential part of the plant in cowpea would be determined by the intended end use of the plant. In Africa, about 98% of the crop is sown intermixed with sorghum and millets, while it may also be grown in rotation with maize or cotton. Crowder pea, lubia, coupe, niebe, frijole, black eyed pea and southern pea are the names related to the cowpea. History. It was the most commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the Old World (Allen and Allen, 1981). Aphids ( Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Introduction and Importance of Cowpea: Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field Pea and Crowder Pea. In culinary traditions, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are packed with protein. It is usually grown as an intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum. It plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and income generation for both farmers and food vendors in the region. The pods of these beans are called Lobia or Cowpeas. Green, immature cowpea pods are harvested and sold in local markets for consumption as a vegetable. The seeds can be consumed fresh along with the pods and leaves as a vegetable. It is the most important pulse crop, particularly in regions with low rainfall. It is consumed in many forms. Cowpea is a type of crop that is very susceptible to a range of pests and diseases. The plant can be used as a forage or for hay or silage. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) security and income. The primary aim of this research - to improve the knowledge about the potential importance of P. brachyurus on cowpea in Brazil was achieved though experiments developed under controlled conditions, which demonstrated that P. brachyurus actually is pathogenic and affected significantly the growth of cowpea plant. Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, … is an important food legume and an integral part of traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid regions of the tropics.The estimated worldwide area under cowpea is about 14 million ha of which West Africa alone accounts for about 9.3 million ha with annual production of about 2.9 Mt. Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS Temperature Cowpeas grow best during summer. 7. Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. The attributes of Cowpea The trading of seeds and processed foods from cowpea provides both urban and rural opportunities for earning regular income.
Brotherly Love, Relief and Truth